I love to help others, but like many people today, I don't have a huge bank account that allows me to make large donations to charities. I still try to donate items I can afford to the needy, and two items that are always appreciated by local food banks are toothpaste and toothbrushes. These two items can make huge differences in the lives of needy people who cannot afford them, as it helps them keep their teeth healthy now and avoid expensive dental bills in the future. Remember that giving does not have to mean donating large sums of money to charities. I created this blog to remind people that giving dental care items to the needy can be a great contribution to society that anyone can afford.
Calculus is the hard form of plaque that forms on the top of your teeth when bacteria builds up. This is usually prevented with regular oral care and seeing your dentist for a professional cleaning. However, if you have not been to the dentist for a while, you may have some calculus on your teeth. There are different stages of calculus, which start to advance the longer you go without oral care. Here are the stages of calculus to be aware of.
Stage One: Pellicle Formation
The very first stage of calculus begins shortly after brushing your teeth. Several minutes after you have brushed your teeth, a thin membrane, called pellicle, begins to form on the surface of your teeth. This is not from bacteria in your mouth, but instead from the saliva that ends up on your teeth to coat it and protect it. However, bacteria can get into the pellicle, which is where calculus first begins.
Stage Two: Plaque
If the teeth are not cleaned properly, calculus can lead to stage two, where the plaque starts to form. The earliest stages of plaque begin when bacteria gets onto the surface of the teeth. Plaque forms due to a mixture of bacteria and bacteria waste products in the mouth. It looks like a white paste-like substance on the surface of the tooth, and starts to form a few hours after brushing your teeth. If you allow the plaque to grow, it can start destroying the tooth enamel and eventually lead to decay of the teeth. If you brush your teeth every day, you are preventing plaque from maturing, otherwise it turns into calculus.
Stage Three: Calculus
Stage three of calculus begins when calculus is first formed. This occurs if the plaque has matured, which happens if you have not brushed your teeth in the last day. This is why it is so important to brush your teeth twice a day, but at least once a day at the bare minimum. Plaque starts to turn into calculus when it is not removed from the teeth, due to the bacteria and acids in your mouth. During the first stage, the calculus can still be removed with dental floss or a toothbrush.
Stage Four: Maturation
If the calculus is still not removed with teeth brushing and flossing, it continues to mature and eventually fossilizes. This causes hard calculus deposits on the teeth that are a pale yellow or white color. It is most common on the lower front teeth, but can occur anywhere in the mouth. Once it turns into this hard substance, it is very difficult to remove with simple tooth brushing and requires a visit to a dentist's office, like Broadmead Dental Centre.